The Subaru 360

The worst car ever sold in the United States? Or an underrated, underappreciated ride?

The Subaru 360

Ed Parsil alongside his Subaru 360 van in Tucson, Arizona. Photo courtesy of Ed Parsil.

In February 1975, I spotted a 1970 Subaru 360 van for sale in Jamesburg, New Jersey. I thought it would be practical (the price of gas had soared to—gasp!—75 cents a gallon), and my wife Anita thought it was cute, so we bought it. But when I went to the local Subaru dealership to buy a set of points and an air filter element, the dealer had neither in stock, nor did it have the parts book. The problem was that relatively few 360’s had been exported from Japan to the U.S., Consumer Reports magazine having rated the car “Not Acceptable” in April 1969.

Fortunately, two other New Jersey dealers had parts, and I started running ads in Hemmings Motor News to get in touch with other owners. I located two more 360’s—one van and one sedan—and purchased both (for parts). After I got the sedan on the road, Anita and I each had a 360 to drive.

Within a few years I was corresponding with two-dozen 360 enthusiasts, at which point an owner from Illinois, Ray Hilofsky, suggested we start a Subaru 360 Club. He had access to a printing press and volunteered to publish a newsletter if I would do the writing and editing. In 1979 our all-volunteer club was established, its purpose “To help one another keep our favorite vehicles on the road, and running on both cylinders.”

The first newsletter went out to 24 individuals in November 1979, with the expectation that the club would one day grow to 100 families or so. By the end of our first year there were 87 member families in 31 states with 140 Subaru 360’s. Today there are 470 member families with over a thousand 360’s.

It’s a large membership considering that Subaru of America imported just 10,000 sedans, 3,000 vans, and a thousand trucks over a three year period (1968-1970). Subaru was unable to duplicate the success it experienced with the 360 in Japan, thanks in large part to Consumer Reports, which deemed the vehicle “unacceptably hazardous.”

The test car’s acceleration was one of the magazine’s prime complaints: “From a standing start, the Subaru took an agonizing 37.5 seconds to reach 50 mph [as compared to a 1968 Volkswagen Beetle (14.5 seconds) and 1969 Rambler (11.5 seconds)]. Worse still, the Subaru ate up almost half a minute in accelerating from 30 mph to 50 mph,” noted the article. For what it’s worth, I timed mine on numerous occasions, and it never took longer than 19 seconds to go from zero to fifty.

Consumer Reports also criticized the car’s “shockingly deficient structural integrity,” “scary” emergency handling, its “board-like front seat,” and both the defroster (“only capable of defogging a small triangular patch of condensate from the interior of the windshield”), and “single-speed wiper, [which] cleared an insufficient potion of the windshield.” But the criticism that has always bothered me most is how the rear-hinged doors blow back if opened while driving. Duh!  Well, that and the notion that the bumpers “are virtually useless against anything more formidable than a watermelon.”

In my estimation the 360 was well engineered, and it’s certainly simple to maintain (just five moving parts in the 25-hp 356cc two-cylinder two-stroke engine). When I moved my family from New Jersey to Arizona in 1980 I made a tow bar to flat-tow the van behind my 1968 Ford Fairlane wagon, while my wife drove the sedan the whole 2,600 miles, averaging 53 miles per gallon.

In the end, we put 125,000 miles on our sedan in 21 years before restoring it and selling it to another club member for five thousand dollars in 1998. He customized it, drove it frequently, and won many trophies at car shows with it. After he passed away late last year, his family put it up for auction, where it sold for $16,500. Not bad for a car that went for $1,297 new in 1970.

As for the van, my wife and I still drive it every day and plan to keep it until our kids take the keys away. We have driven Subaru 360’s more than 350,000 miles in the last 35 years, and have never (yet!) been stuck on the side of the road.

Ed Parsil is former editor of the Subaru 360 Club newsletter. Visit the club’s Web site at subaru360club.org.

Read Consumer Reports’ April 1969 review of the Subaru 360.

See also:
Edsel: An Auto Biography
Chevrolet Corvair: Failure at Any Speed?